Because the israelites had been held captive in egypt for 400 years, the concept of god had been distorted by the polytheistic, pagan egyptians. Leviticus a2 classic bible study guide 2 introduction as genesis is the book of beginnings and exodus the book of redemption, so leviticus is the book of reconciliation and fellowship. Moses did just as god commanded him and the congregation gathered at the entrance of the tent of meeting. The book of leviticus is the book of fellowship or communion. Its hebrew title, wayyiqra, is the first word in the hebrew text of the book and means and he i. The purpose of leviticus is to provide instruction and laws to guide a sinful, yet redeemed people in their relationship with a holy god. The book of leviticus was written between 1440 and 1400 b. Leviticus definition of leviticus by merriamwebster. This title is appropriate since the book contains requirements of the mosaic covenant that relate to. These passages also describe how to use the altar for the sacrifices and the offerings to god. The third book in the pentateuch is called leviticus because it relates principally to the levites and priests and their services. Therefore jehovah speaks primarily out of the tabernacle of congregation in this book chap. The offering of sacrifices was an ordinance of true religion, from the fall of man unto the coming of christ.
Leviticus receives its name from the septuagint the prechristian greek translation of the ot and means relating to the levites. And he called third book of the latin vulgate bible, the name of which designates its contents as a book or manual primarily concerned with the priests and their duties. The book is generally held to have been written by moses. Leviticus, theology of definition and meaning bible dictionary. The book of leviticus in the bible says that homosexuality is an abomination, and so it cant possibly be right for christians. Jul 21, 2018 no text has had a greater influence on attitudes toward gay people than the biblical book of leviticus, which prohibits sex between men. Leviticus, theology of definition and meaning bible. Leviticus definition, the third book of the bible, containing laws relating to the priests and levites and to the forms of jewish ceremonial observance. The title leviticus comes from the latin vulgate version of the greek old testament lxx leuitikon meaning matters of the levites 25. New testament writers quote the book of leviticus over 15 times. In doing this, god gives them many instructions to carry out. Aug 05, 2018 commonly read as a mindnumbing list of obscure and legalistic rules, leviticus actually reveals the lords gracious plan for how his sinful people can approach a perfectly holy god.
Although leviticus does not deal only with the special duties of the levites, it is so named because it concerns mainly the service. Even though it contains levis name, it was written concerning the priesthood in general, not only to the levites. There is an emphasis in leviticus on the need for personal holiness in response to a holy god. Leviticus 1 full chapter and the lord called unto moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying, speak unto the children of israel, and say unto them. But they arent to be put to death because she wasnt free. Book of leviticus the third book of the old testament. The man must bring a compensationoffering to god at the entrance to the tent of meeting, a ram of compensation. Gone are the fascinating characters and suspenseful stories of genesis. Leviticus definition of leviticus by the free dictionary. This takes place within the story of the israelites exodus after they escaped egypt and reached mt.
Intro to leviticus biblica the international bible society. Although leviticus does not deal only with the special duties of the levites, it. May 06, 2015 this book explores how the sacrificial rituals and purity practices cleared the way for morally corrupt israelites to become gods covenant partners. Leviticus synonyms, leviticus pronunciation, leviticus translation, english dictionary definition of leviticus. Eat it on the day you sacrifice it and the day following. Rather than being about the levites, the title refers to the usefulness of books contents to the levites in their ministry as priests, worship leaders, and teachers of morality. Leviticus with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Book of leviticus overview insight for living ministries.
Leviticus, theology of leviticus is one of the most intensely theological books of the old testament. Leviticus used to be the first book that jewish children studied in the synagogue. The book of leviticus from greek, leuitikos, meaning relating to the levites. Although leviticus is basically a book of laws, it also contains some narrative chapters 89, 10. There are two verses from leviticus that figure in the debates over the bible and homosexuality. Leviticus is one of the most intensely theological books of the old testament. The first five books of the bible are called the pentateuch, or the law, and are generally accepted as being written by moses. Opinion the secret history of leviticus the new york times. The more familiar english title, leviticus, comes from the septuagint greek translation of the hebrew bible, which had as the title levitikon, meaning relating to the levites. Watch our overview video on the book of leviticus, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. It is no wonder that the writings of the new testament so often misinterpreted, since they are written with a hebrew mindset, but read with a western mindset. In leviticus the principles of approaching god are shown. Study leviticus 23 using matthew henrys bible commentary concise to better understand scripture with full outline and verse meaning. This book explores how the sacrificial rituals and purity practices cleared the way for morally corrupt israelites to become gods covenant partners.
Book of leviticus definition of book of leviticus by the. The word holy is mentioned more times in leviticus, than any other book in the bible. The book of leviticus was the first book studied by a jewish child. Old testament the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people. Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the rams head. Gone are the epic hollywood plagues and miracles found in exodus. The vulgate a revision of the old latin rendered the greek heading liber leviticus book of leviticus from which the english is derived 1. Leviticus 1 bible commentary matthew henry concise. It describes moses giving procedural instructions for the israelites, especially to the levitical priests, about how they are to carry out offerings, ceremonies, and celebrations. Jan 29, 2016 watch our overview video on the book of leviticus, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought.
Leviticus 23 bible commentary matthew henry concise. Leviticus definition is the third book of canonical jewish and christian scripture consisting mainly of priestly legislation. It brings us into the tabernacle and opens to us all the privileges of access to the presence of god, and our place of blessing as his priestly household. Most of its chapters consist of gods speeches to moses, which god commands moses to repeat to the israelites. He said, take aaron and with him his sons, the garments, the anointing oil, the bull for the absolutionoffering, the two rams, and the basket of unraised bread. One could translate the verb offers, but this becomes awkward and, in fact, inaccurate in some passages. Book of leviticus synonyms, book of leviticus pronunciation, book of leviticus translation, english dictionary definition of book of leviticus. Leviticus and the new testament israel bible center. What was the purpose of the writing of leviticus in the bible. The book in hebrew is named after the first word wayiqra, and he called as the lord called the israelites to be a holy nation. Those critics even who hold a different opinion as to the other books of.
While the book addresses issues of the levites responsibilities, much more significantly, all the priests are instructed in how they are to assist the people in worship, and the people are informed about how to live a holy life. Rather than being about the levites, the title refers to the usefulness of book s contents to the levites in their ministry as priests, worship leaders, and teachers of morality. Latin, meaning book of the levites famous reallife people named leviticus leviticus in song, story. And the lord called unto moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying, speak unto the children of israel, and say unto them, if any man of you bring an offering unto the lord, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock. The greek septuagint called the book after the priestly tribe, the levites, and this was translated to leviticus in the latin vulgate version of the holy bible. Those critics even who hold a different opinion as to the other books of the pentateuch assign this book in the main to him. Leviticus 18 commentary, one of over 110 bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the church of christ, presents a verse level look at the bible. Dictionaries eastons bible dictionary leviticus leviticus s the third book of the pentateuch.
Maybe its the biblical connotations, but if delilah can make it, so can leviticus. It contains the core of the priestly ritual material of the pentateuch and, in fact, the entire old testament. In the greek lxx the term is leuitikon leuitikon an adjective used to describe the book as dealing primarily with ritual worship. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word book of leviticus. The purpose of leviticus is to provide instruction and laws to guide a sinful, yet redeemed. The various sacrifices anticipate the coming of jesus christ. Because leviticus is largely concerned with subjects that seem incomprehensible and irrelevant todayrituals for sacrifice and regulations concerning uncleanlinessit appears to have nothing to say to twentyfirst. Moses slaughtered it and smeared some of its blood on the lobe of aarons right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. Commonly read as a mindnumbing list of obscure and legalistic rules, leviticus actually reveals the lords gracious plan for how his sinful people can approach a perfectly holy god. The name leviticus was given to the third book of the pentateuch by the ancient greek translators because a good part of this book deals with concerns of the priests, who are of the tribe of levi.
In the modern church it tends to be the last part of the bible that anyone looks at seriously. The english name is from the latin leviticus, taken in turn from greek and a. Leviticus is a challenging book, both for new christians and casual bible readers. In leviticus, israels holy god invites them to live in his presence. This is an adjective suggesting the complete title the levitical book or the book pertaining to the levites 2. Gather the entire congregation at the entrance of the tent of meeting. The book of leviticus the book of leviticus the name leviticus was given to the third book of the pentateuch by the ancient greek translators because a good part of this book deals with concerns of the priests, who are of the tribe of levi. The book of exodus narrates how moses led the israelites in. The title of leviticus comes from the ancient greek septuagint, which named the book leueitikon, meaning the book of the levites. But within these highly detailed directives we discover the holinessthe separateness, distinction, and utter othernessof god. The priest will perform the ritual of atonement for him.
Although catholic exegetes admit the mosaic authorship of the book of leviticus, they usually sayand in this also follow the magisterium of the churchthat some details in the book may have been later modified or indeed may be additions, without this in any way affecting the books substantial mosaic authenticity or its inspiration. Information and translations of leviticus in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on. While the book of leviticus is the central book of the torah of moses, it is perhaps the book least studied by modern christfollowers. Does leviticus mean homosexuality is an abomination. The book of leviticus is the third book of the torah and of the old testament. Whatever is left until the third day is to be burned up. Information about book of leviticus in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Book of leviticus leviticus chapter 1 leviticus chapter 2 leviticus chapter 3 leviticus chapter 4 leviticus chapter 5 leviticus chapter 6 leviticus chapter 7 leviticus chapter 8 leviticus chapter 9 leviticus chapter 10. Personal experiences with the name leviticus nicknames for leviticus. Before leviticus was composed, outright prohibitions.355 1464 1302 441 208 1455 1549 1295 171 53 1280 1532 1542 1224 1299 34 835 1004 1082 283 796 1058 909 1389 198 1068 1024 971 537 1186 626 821 47 63 1249 328 178 1030 1476 1178